This MIDI CC list gives an overview of all 127 continuous controllers and which action they are assigned to by default. Use these controllers to manipulate your MIDI data to make your music more expressive. For example, you can use them to add vibrato, abrupt or gradual volume changes, or control the amount of reverb, tremolo, and/or chorus, and so on. The most commonly used CCs are displayed in bold typeface.

You can also download this MIDI CC list in PDF format and print it out if you want to.

Assign a custom parameter to a MIDI CC

If you want to assign a parameter to an undefined CC you find a separate MIDI CC list of all undefined CCs below.

MIDI Control Change Messages – Continuous Controllers

MIDI CC # MIDI CC Purpose Value MIDI CC Description
MIDI CC
0
Bank Select (MSB) 0-127 Allows user to switch bank for patch selection. Program change used with Bank Select. MIDI can access 16,384 patches per MIDI channel.
MIDI CC
1
Modulation Wheel (MSB) 0-127 Generally this CC controls a vibrato effect (pitch, loudness, brighness). What is modulated is based on the patch.
MIDI CC
2
Breath Controller (MSB) 0-127 Oftentimes associated with aftertouch messages. It was originally intended for use with a breath MIDI controller in which blowing harder produced higher MIDI control values. It can be used for modulation as well.
MIDI CC
3
Undefined (MSB) 0-127  
MIDI CC
4
Foot Pedal (MSB) 0-127 Often used with aftertouch messages. It can send a continuous stream of values based on how the pedal is used.
MIDI CC
5
Portamento Time (MSB) 0-127 Controls portamento rate to slide between 2 notes played subsequently.
MIDI CC
6
Data Entry (MSB) 0-127 Controls Value for NRPN or RPN parameters.
MIDI CC
7
Volume (MSB) 0-127 Controls the volume of the channel.
MIDI CC
8
Balance (MSB) 0-127 Controls the left and right balance, generally for stereo patches. A value of 64 equals the center.
MIDI CC
9
Undefined (MSB) 0-127  
MIDI CC
10
Pan (MSB) 0-127 Controls the left and right balance, generally for mono patches. A value of 64 equals the center.
MIDI CC
11
Expression (MSB) 0-127 Expression is a percentage of volume (CC7).
MIDI CC
12
Effect Controller 1 (MSB) 0-127 Usually used to control a parameter of an effect within the synth or workstation.
MIDI CC
13
Effect Controller 2 (MSB) 0-127 Usually used to control a parameter of an effect within the synth or workstation.
MIDI CC
14
Undefined (MSB) 0-127  
MIDI CC
15
Undefined (MSB) 0-127  
MIDI CC
16 – 19
General Purpose (MSB) 0-127  
MIDI CC
20 – 31
Undefined (MSB) 0-127  
MIDI CC
32 – 63
LSB Controller for 0-31 0-127  
MIDI CC
64
Damper Pedal on/off ≤63 off, ≥64 on On/off switch that controls sustain pedal. Nearly every synth will react to CC 64. (See also Sostenuto CC 66)
MIDI CC
65
Portamento on/off ≤63 off, ≥64 on On/off switch
MIDI CC
66
Sostenuto Pedal on/off ≤63 off, ≥64 on On/off switch – Like the Sustain controller (CC 64), However, it only holds notes that were “On” when the pedal was pressed. People use it to “hold” chords” and play melodies over the held chord.
MIDI CC
67
Soft Pedal on/off ≤63 off, ≥64 on On/off switch
– Lowers the volume of notes played.
MIDI CC
68
Legato FootSwitch ≤63 off, ≥64 on On/off switch
– Turns Legato effect between 2 subsequent notes on or off.
MIDI CC
69
Hold 2 ≤63 off, ≥64 on Another way to “hold notes” (see MIDI CC 64 and MIDI CC 66). However notes fade out according to their release parameter rather than when the pedal is released.
MIDI CC
70
Sound Controller 1 0-127 Usually controls the way a sound is produced. Default = Sound Variation.
MIDI CC
71
Sound Controller 2 0-127 Allows shaping the Voltage Controlled Filter (VCF). Default = Resonance also (Timbre or Harmonics)
MIDI CC
72
Sound Controller 3 0-127 Controls release time of the Voltage controlled Amplifier (VCA). Default = Release Time.
MIDI CC
73
Sound Controller 4 0-127 Controls the “Attack’ of a sound. The attack is the amount of time it takes for the sound to reach maximum amplitude.
MIDI CC
74
Sound Controller 5 0-127 Controls VCFs cutoff frequency of the filter.
MIDI CC
75
Sound Controller 6 0-127 Generic – Some manufacturers may use to further shave their sounds.
MIDI CC
76
Sound Controller 7 0-127 Generic – Some manufacturers may use to further shave their sounds.
MIDI CC
77
Sound Controller 8 0-127 Generic – Some manufacturers may use to further shave their sounds.
MIDI CC
78
Sound Controller 9 0-127 Generic – Some manufacturers may use to further shave their sounds.
MIDI CC
79
Sound Controller 10 0-127 Generic – Some manufacturers may use to further shave their sounds.
MIDI CC
80
General Purpose
MIDI CC Controller
0-127 Decay Generic or on/off switch
≤63 off, ≥64 on
MIDI CC
81
General Purpose MIDI CC Controller 0-127 Hi-Pass Filter Frequency or Generic on/off switch
≤63 off, ≥64 on
MIDI CC
82
General Purpose MIDI CC Controller 0-127 Generic on/off switch
≤63 off, ≥64 on
MIDI CC
83
General Purpose MIDI CC Controller 0-127 Generic on/off switch
≤63 off, ≥64 on
MIDI CC
84
Portamento CC Control 0-127 Controls the amount of Portamento.
MIDI CC
85 – 87
Undefined  
MIDI CC
88
High Resolution Velocity Prefix 0-127 Extends the range of possible velocity values
MIDI CC
89 & 90
Undefined  
MIDI CC
91
Effect 1 Depth 0-127 Usually controls reverb send amount
MIDI CC
92
Effect 2 Depth 0-127 Usually controls tremolo amount
MIDI CC
93
Effect 3 Depth 0-127 Usually controls chorus amount
MIDI CC
94
Effect 4 Depth 0-127 Usually controls detune amount
MIDI CC
95
Effect 5 Depth 0-127 Usually controls phaser amount
MIDI CC
96
(+1) Data Increment N/A Usually used to increment data for RPN and NRPN messages.
MIDI CC
97
(-1) Data Decrement N/A Usually used to decrement data for RPN and NRPN messages.
MIDI CC
98
Non-Registered Parameter Number LSB (NRPN) 0-127 For controllers 6, 38, 96, and 97, it selects the NRPN parameter.
MIDI CC
99
Non-Registered Parameter Number MSB (NRPN) 0-127 For controllers 6, 38, 96, and 97, it selects the NRPN parameter.
MIDI CC
100
Registered Parameter Number LSB (RPN) 0-127 For controllers 6, 38, 96, and 97, it selects the RPN parameter.
MIDI CC
101
Registered Parameter Number MSB (RPN) 0-127 For controllers 6, 38, 96, and 97, it selects the RPN parameter.
MIDI CC
102 – 119
Undefined  
MIDI CC 120 to 127 are “Channel Mode Messages.”
MIDI CC
120
All Sound Off 0 Mutes all sound. It does so regardless of release time or sustain. (See MIDI CC 123)
MIDI CC
121
Reset All Controllers 0 It will reset all controllers to their default.
MIDI CC
122
Local on/off Switch 0 off, 127 on Turns internal connection of a MIDI keyboard or workstation, etc. on or off. If you use a computer, you will most likely want local control off to avoid notes being played twice. Once locally and twice when the note is sent back from the computer to your keyboard.
MIDI CC
123
All Notes Off 0 Mutes all sounding notes. Release time will still be maintained, and notes held by sustain will not turn off until sustain pedal is depressed.
MIDI CC
124
Omni Mode Off 0 Sets to “Omni Off” mode.
MIDI CC
125
Omni Mode On 0 Sets to “Omni On” mode.
MIDI CC
126
Mono Mode Sets device mode to Monophonic. The value equals the number of channels, or 0 if the number of channels equals the number of voices in the receiver.
MIDI CC
127
Poly Mode 0 Sets device mode to Polyphonic.

Undefined MIDI CC List

In case you just need a MIDI CC List of undefined MIDI CCs to attach an effect/parameter/etc. to a MIDI Controller, here is one with the by default undefined MIDI CCs:

  • CC 3
  • CC 9
  • CC 14-15
  • CC 20-31
  • CC 85-90
  • CC 102-119

For a more detailed table with Data Bytes included you can check out the official MIDI Control Changes list.

Note: Not all synthesizers respond to all CC’s. There should be a list in your synth or keyboard manual. It’s sometimes within the back and it’s usually labeled as the MIDI implementation chart. If you don’t have the manual or can’t find one online, try a few to see if they work. If you find this page helpful, feel free to link to it.